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01/21/2022

CFPB to examine colleges' in-house lending

On Thursday, the CFPB announced it will begin examining the operations of post-secondary schools, such as for-profit colleges, that extend private loans directly to students. The CFPB is issuing an update to its exam procedures including a new section on institutional student loans. As the CFPB begins its supervision, the exam procedures inform industry about practices that CFPB examiners will review, including placing enrollment restrictions, withholding transcripts, improperly accelerating payments, failing to issue refunds, and maintaining improper lending relationships.

Private education loans are extensions of credit made to students or parents to fund undergraduate, graduate, and other forms of postsecondary education. Private education loans may be offered by banks, non-profits, nonbanks, credit unions, state-affiliated organizations, and institutions of higher education, including both for-profit schools and non-profit schools. These loans are typically not affiliated with federal student loan programs administered by the U.S. Department of Education. When the loans are made directly to students by the school they attend, they are often referred to as institutional student loans.

The CFPB said it is concerned about the borrower experience with institutional loans because of past abuses at schools, like those operated by Corinthian and ITT, where students were subjected to high interest rates and strong-arm debt collection practices. Schools have not historically been subject to the same servicing and origination oversight as traditional lenders.

01/21/2022

OFAC activity yesterday

OFAC has issued another Venezuela-related General License concerning transactions related to a Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. 2020 8.5 percent bond and updated a related Frequently Asked Question.

OFAC also is amending and reissuing its Transnational Criminal Organizations Sanctions Regulations and amending the definition of "applicable schedule amount" to make that amount automatically rise with OFAC's civil money penalty amounts when adjusted annually for inflation. Both of these amendments were scheduled for publication in today's Federal Register, and will be effective immediately.

For more information and links to the License, FAQ, and amendments, see this BankersOnline OFAC Update.

01/21/2022

Fed Board release CBDC discussion paper

The Federal Reserve Board on Thursday released a discussion paper, Money and Payments: The U.S. Dollar in the Age of Digital Transformation, that examines the pros and cons of a potential U.S. central bank digital currency, or CBDC. It invites comment from the public and is the first step in a discussion of whether and how a CBDC could improve the safe and effective domestic payments system. The paper does not favor any policy outcome.

The paper summarizes the current state of the domestic payments system and discusses the different types of digital payment methods and assets that have emerged in recent years, including stablecoins and other cryptocurrencies. It concludes by examining the potential benefits and risks of a CBDC, and identifies specific policy considerations.

While a CBDC could provide a safe, digital payment option for households and businesses as the payments system continues to evolve, and may result in faster payment options between countries, there may also be downsides. They include how to ensure a CBDC would preserve monetary and financial stability as well as complement existing means of payment. Other key policy considerations include how to preserve the privacy of citizens and maintain the ability to combat illicit finance. The paper discusses these and other factors in more detail.

To fully evaluate a potential CBDC, the Board's paper asks for public comment on more than 20 questions. Comments will be accepted for 120 days and can be submitted to the Federal Reserve at www.federalreserve.gov/apps/forms/cbdc.

01/21/2022

Fed Board bans former Buffalo banker

The Federal Reserve Board has issued a Consent Order of Prohibition to Tylifa A. Milton, a former institution-affiliated party of Manufacturers and Traders Trust Company, Buffalo, NY.

The Order states that Milton charged unauthorized personal expenses to a corporate credit card issued by the bank and fabricated hotel receipts and entered false entries into the bank’s records to document some of the unauthorized expenses to make them appear legitimate. Milton’s actions violated the bank’s policies, and caused the bank to incur losses of over $30,000. The Order also indicates that in July 2020, Milton was charged with third-degree grand larceny and pleaded guilty to petit larceny, and was sentenced to probation and ordered to make restitution to the bank of $31,721.

01/21/2022

OCC December enforcement actions

The OCC has released a list of enforcement actions taken against national banks, federal savings associations and individuals during December 2021. Included were

  • the previously announced $1,000,000 civil money penalty assessed on CommunityBank of Texas (coordinated with an $8,000,000 penalty levied by FinCEN)
  • a $3,620,000 civil money penalty assessed against Flagstar Bank, FSB for a pattern or practice of multiple violations of the Flood Disaster Protection Act and implementing regulations
  • an order of prohibition and for payment of a $150,000 civil money penalty against Carroll Green, former CFO, board chairman, CEO and president of Beauregard FSB, DeRitter, Louisiana, for multiple violations of Regulation O and for falsifying loan applications of bank borrowers

01/21/2022

OFAC targets Russian-backed actors destabilizing Ukraine

Treasury yesterday announced that OFAC has sanctioned four individuals engaged in Russian government-directed influence activities to destabilize Ukraine. This action is separate and distinct from the broad range of high impact measures the United States and its Allies and partners are prepared to impose in order to inflict significant costs on the Russian economy and financial system if it were to further invade Ukraine.

Designated yesterday were Taras Kozak and Oleh Voloshyn, two current Ukrainian Members of Parliament from the party led by Victor Medvedchuk (Medvedchuk), who is already subject to U.S. sanctions for his role in undermining Ukrainian sovereignty in 2014; Volodymyr Oliynyk, a former Ukrainian official who fled Ukraine to seek refuge in Russia; and Vladimir Sivkovich, the former Deputy Secretary of the Ukrainian National Security and Defense Council.

For identification information for the four designated individuals, see the January 20, 2022, BankersOnline OFAC Update.

01/21/2022

FTC advisory opinion on Holder Rule, attorneys fees and costs.

On Thursday, the Federal Trade Commission issued an advisory opinion stating that the Holder Rule does not prevent state law from providing costs or attorneys’ fees against loan holders, as some courts have incorrectly concluded.

The Holder Rule protects consumers who enter credit contracts by preserving their right to assert claims and defenses against any holder of certain loans and credit sales contracts, even if the loans or contracts are assigned to a third party. The Rule requires the seller to include the Holder Rule Notice in such contracts so that claims and defenses about seller misconduct – such as a seller’s misrepresentation or breach of contract – are available to the consumer against the loan holder.

When loan holders unsuccessfully dispute claims or defenses covered by the Rule, some consumers may seek court costs and attorney’s fees from the losing parties. The Commission previously addressed the impact of the Rule on costs and attorneys’ fees in a May 2019 Federal Register Notice, but some courts and finance companies have misinterpreted the Commission’s statements to suggest that the Rule preempts state laws that authorize attorney fee awards against loan holders. The advisory opinion emphasizes that the Rule does not eliminate any rights a consumer may have as a matter of separate state, local or federal law.

01/20/2022

HUD disaster assistance announced

The Department of Housing and Urban Development issued two press releases yesterday announcing federal assistance for declared disaster areas in Tennessee and Alaska. HUD is:

  • providing immediate foreclosure relief in counties or boroughs covered by the disaster declarations
  • making mortgage insurance available
  • making insurance available for both mortgages and home rehabilitation
  • sharing information on housing providers and HUD programs
  • providing flexibility to Community Planning and Development grantees, public housing agencies, and tribes
  • assisting with housing discrimination incidents

01/20/2022

IRS Wage Statement reminder

The Internal Revenue Service yesterday urged employers to be aware of the January deadline to file Forms W-2 and other wage statements. Timely filing of these documents helps employers avoid penalties and helps the IRS in fraud prevention.

A 2015 law made it a permanent requirement that employers file copies of their Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statements, and Form W-3, Transmittal of Wage and Tax Statements, with the Social Security Administration by January 31. Forms W-2 are normally due to workers by January 31. Forms 1099-MISC, Miscellaneous Information and Forms 1099-NEC, Nonemployee Compensation, are also due to taxpayers by January 31. Various other due dates related to Form 1099-MISC and Form 1099-NEC, including dates due to the IRS, can be found on the forms' instructions.

01/20/2022

Report on financial services diversity and inclusion

The CFPB’s Office of Minority Women and Inclusion (OMWI) has released the CFPB Report on Diversity and Inclusion within Financial Services.

As part of the mandate of Section 342 of the Dodd-Frank Act, OMWI is charged with developing standards for assessing diversity and inclusion at the financial entities the Bureau regulates. To further that effort, CFPB engaged in analysis of public data to gain a better understanding of diversity and inclusion within the financial services sector and compiled a report to share its findings. The report can help the industry understand more about diversity and inclusion initiatives that their peers are undertaking and the various options available to entities of different sizes.

01/20/2022

$120 billion in credit card interest and fees a year

The CFPB has posted a blog article, "Americans pay $120 billion in credit card interest and fees each year," reporting that, at almost a trillion dollars outstanding, credit cards are the largest consumer lending product by number of users – over 175 million consumers have at least one credit card – and one of the largest sources of consumer debt.

From 2018 to 2020, the CFPB estimates that Americans paid roughly $120 billion per year in credit card interest and fees. That works out to about $1,000 per year for every American household. During the pandemic, credit card debt started to decline as many households reduced their borrowing and paid down more. But, as the economy has improved, credit card debt is on the rise again.

01/20/2022

FDIC guidance to assist banks in Tennessee

The FDIC has issued FIL-06-2022 with guidance to help financial institutions in areas of Tennessee affected by severe storms, straight-line winds, and tornadoes on December 10 and 11, 2021.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) declared a federal disaster for selected areas affected in Tennessee on January 14, 2022. FEMA may make additional designations after damage assessments are completed in the affected areas. As of January 19, the affected areas in Tennessee include Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Gibson, Henderson, Henry, Lake, Obion, Stewart, Sumner, Weakley and Wilson counties. An updated list of designated areas will be available at www.fema.gov.

01/19/2022

HUD awards $83M to 74 tribal communities

The Department of Housing and Urban Development yesterday announced it has awarded more than $83 million in Indian Community Block Grant-American Rescue Plan (ICDBG-ARP) grants to 74 tribal communities to prevent, prepare for, and respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. This is the third round of ICDBG-ARP awards.

01/19/2022

Fed Board issues C&D order to Nano Banc and holding companies

The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System has issued an Order to Cease and Desist to Nano Banc and its holding companies, Allegiant United Holdings, LLC and Nano Financial Holdings, Inc., all of Irvine, California. According to the Order, the bank is operating without a permanent chief executive officer and chief financial officer, or a sufficient number of board members. In December 2021, the California Department of Financial Institutions ordered the bank's board to increase the number of directors to comply with state law.

The Fed Board's order requires that:

  • Within 10 days, the holding companies and bank must propose qualified permanent executive officers to fill the role of chief executive officer, chief financial officer, and chief credit officer of the bank
  • Within 10 days, the holding companies and bank must propose a sufficient number of qualified directors required under California law, with a majority being outside directors
  • Nano Financial and the bank must provide the Reserve Bank of San Franciso 30 day's written notice before certain changes to their boards of directors or executive officers.
  • The bank must submit a written plan to the Reserve Bank to enhance the bank's compliance with Regulation O and engage an independent third party acceptable to the Reserve Bank to identify and review all extensions of credit between insiders and the bank during the two years preceding the Order
  • The bank must submit written lending and credit administration policies to the Reserve Bank
  • Pending approval of the lending and credit administration policies by the Reserve Bank, the bank may not directly or indirectly approve, extend, modify or renew any "covered loan" without prior approval of the Reserve Bank. "Covered loans" comprises (i) loans classified as "loss," "doubtful," or "substandard" in the most recent Report of Examination; (ii) loans made to shareholders, senior executives, directors, and/or any entities which they control; (iii) commercial real estate loans; (iv) commercial and industrial loans; and (v) loan to finance commercial real estate, construction, and land development activities (not secured by real estate).
  • The bank and its holding companies must act to ensure the bank complies with sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and with Federal Reserve Board Regulation W, and the bank must submit a written policy acceptable to the Reserve Bank regarding transactions between the holding companies and the bank. The holding companies and the bank must correct the violations of sections 23A and 23B and Regulation W cited in the most recent Report of Examination.
  • The bank must take specified action with regard to compensation governance, policies, procedures and internal controls.

    01/19/2022

    CFPB bans Brightspeed Solutions and former CEO

    The CFPB on Tuesday announced it has filed a proposed final judgment and order to resolve a March 2021 lawsuit brought by the CFPB against BrightSpeed Solutions and its founder Kevin Howard. The CFPB alleges that between 2016 and 2018, BrightSpeed and Howard knowingly assisted companies profiting from fraudulent services and products. BrightSpeed and Howard processed payments for companies that claimed to offer technical-support services and products to consumers over the internet, but in reality, the companies tricked consumers into purchasing expensive and unnecessary antivirus software or services.

    Many of the targeted consumers were older adults unaware of clickbait scams and that the software and services they purchased were actually available for free. If entered by the court, the order would require BrightSpeed and Howard to pay a civil penalty of $500,000 and permanently bar them from multiple consumer financial products and services industries.

    Chicago-based BrightSpeed was a privately owned, third-party payment processor founded in 2015 and operated by Howard. BrightSpeed ceased operations in March 2019. From 2016 to 2018, BrightSpeed and Howard processed remotely created check payments for more than 100 client companies totaling more than $70 million. The CFPB alleges that many of BrightSpeed’s client companies purported to provide antivirus software and technical-support services to consumers, particularly older adults, but they instead scammed consumers into purchasing unnecessary and expensive computer software and services for amounts as high as $2,000. The client companies allegedly sold their products and services through fraudulent telemarketing schemes and received payments through remotely created checks processed by BrightSpeed.

    01/19/2022

    OCC conditionally approves SoFi Bank, N.A.

    The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency yesterday conditionally approved applications from Social Finance Inc. (SoFi) to create SoFi Bank, National Association (SoFi Bank, N.A.), as a full service national bank headquartered in Cottonwood Heights, Utah. As part of the transaction, SoFi Bank, N.A. will acquire Golden Pacific Bank, National Association, a national bank insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

    Upon consummation of this transaction, SoFi Bank, N.A., will have $5.3 billion in total assets and $718 million in capital at the end of the first year of operation, and will continue to offer a range of local commercial-focused loan offerings and deposit products previously offered by Golden Pacific. The bank will also provide a fully digital, mobile-first national lending platform for consumers across the country. The conditions imposed require specific capital contributions, adherence to an Operating Agreement, and confirmation that the resulting bank will not engage in any crypto-asset activities or services. In addition, the parent company of SoFi Bank, N.A., SoFi Technologies, has applied to the Federal Reserve to become a bank holding company and therefore subject to consolidated supervision.

    Related links:

    01/19/2022

    Fed releases SFOS results

    The Federal Reserve Board has released results of a survey of senior financial officers at banks about their strategies and practices for managing reserve balances. The Senior Financial Officer Survey (SFOS) is used by the Board to obtain information about deposit pricing and behavior, bank liability management, the provision of financial services, and reserve management strategies and practices. The most recent survey was conducted in collaboration with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York between November 5, 2021, and November 19, 2021, and includes responses from banks that held approximately three quarters of total banking system reserve balances at the time of the survey.

    01/19/2022

    Overcharged LendingClub members to receive $10M+

    The Federal Trade Commission has announced it is returning more than $10 million to consumers who were charged undisclosed fees by online lender LendingClub Corporation.

    The FTC sued LendingClub in April 2018, charging that the company falsely promised loan applicants that they would receive a specific loan amount with “no hidden fees,” when in reality the company deducted hundreds or even thousands of dollars in hidden up-front fees from the loans. The FTC also alleged that LendingClub told consumers they were approved for loans when they were not and took money from consumers’ bank accounts without authorization.

    The FTC is distributing refunds directly to more than 15,000 LendingClub customers and encouraging additional LendingClub customers to apply for refunds. The FTC is sending refunds via PayPal to 15,748 LendingClub customers who complained to the company or the FTC about the hidden fees. In addition, between January 18 and 20, the FTC will email additional LendingClub customers who took out loans before January 6, 2017 and repaid the loan. The email will provide instructions on how to request a refund.

    01/19/2022

    OFAC sanctions Hizballah financiers in Lebanon

    On Tuesday, the Department of the Treasury announced that OFAC has designated three Hizballah-linked financial facilitators—Adel Diab, Ali Mohamad Daoun, and Jihad Salem Alame— and their Lebanon-based travel company, Dar Al Salam for Travel & Tourism, under Executive Order 13224, which targets terrorists, leaders, and officials of terrorist groups, and those providing support to terrorists or acts of terrorism.

    Identification information on the designated individuals and entity can be found in the January 18, 2022, BankersOnline OFAC Update.

    As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of the designated individuals and entity and of any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly 50 percent or more by them, individually, or with other blocked persons, that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons, must be blocked and reported to OFAC. Unless authorized by a general or specific license issued by OFAC or otherwise exempt, OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all transactions by U.S. persons or within the United States (including transactions transiting the United States) that involve any property or interests in property of designated or otherwise blocked persons.

    01/18/2022

    Bureau settles suit over taskforce report

    In October 2019, the CFPB chartered a Taskforce on Federal Consumer Financial Law to provide recommendations to improve consumer financial laws and regulations. On January 5, 2021, the Taskforce released its report and recommendations. Shortly thereafter, the National Association of Consumer Advocates, U.S. Public Interest Research Group, and Professor Kathleen Engel brought suit against the CFPB, alleging that the Taskforce did not comply with the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA).

    The Bureau has announced it entered into a stipulated settlement agreement that required that the CFPB release all Taskforce records that would have been made public if the Bureau had complied with FACA's "sunshine" requirements by March 22, 2022. The Taskforce records will also be made publicly available on the CFPB's website. A disclaimer has been added to the Taskforce's report noting that the CFPB failed to comply with FACA and that the report should not be relied upon as a product of a FACA-compliant federal advisory committee.

    Taskforce report (amended 1/14/2022):

    01/18/2022

    CSBS withdraws suit challenging OCC charter

    The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency has announced that the Conference of State Bank Supervisors on Thursday withdrew its lawsuit challenging the OCC's authority to charter an uninsured deposit-taking national bank.

    In December 2021, Figure Technologies amended its charter application for Figure Bank, National Association, to offer FDIC-insured deposit accounts. In connection with this amendment, the organizers will apply to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) for deposit insurance, and Figure Technologies, Inc. will apply for approval from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to become a bank holding company under Section 3 of the Bank Holding Company Act.

    While the OCC maintains that it has the authority to charter an uninsured institution, including one that takes deposits, Figure Technologies’ decision to amend the application and seek a full service charter rendered the lawsuit moot.

    01/18/2022

    Fed reports estimated net income for 2021

    The Federal Reserve Board on Friday announced preliminary financial information indicating that the Reserve Banks had estimated net income of $107.8 billion during 2021, of which $107.4 billion was remitted to the U.S. Treasury as required under the Federal Reserve Act.

    The Federal Reserve Act requires the Reserve Banks to remit excess earnings to the U.S. Treasury after providing for operating expenses, payment of dividends, and the amount necessary to maintain surplus.

    01/18/2022

    CFPB alert on discrimination involving religion

    The CFPB has posted a Bureau Blog article, "It's illegal to penalize borrowers for being religious," concerning recent findings that some lenders had violated fair lending law by inquiring about small business applicants' religious affiliation and by consider an applicant's affiliation in the credit decision.

    For religious institutions applying for small business loans, lenders utilized questionnaires which contained explicit inquiries about the applicant’s religious affiliation. CFPB examiners determined that lenders also denied credit to applicants identified as a religious institution because the applicants did not respond to the questionnaire.

    In response to these findings, lenders updated the questionnaires to ensure compliance with fair lending laws. In addition, lenders also identified affected applicants and provided an offer for each identified applicant to reapply for a small business loan.

    The article also expressed concern about how financial institutions might be making use of artificial intelligence and other algorithmic decision tools, and how a lender might use third-party data to analyze geolocation data to power their credit decision tools. If the algorithm leads to an applicant getting penalized for attending religious services on a regular basis, this could lead to sanctions under fair lending laws for engaging in such "robo-discrimination."

    01/14/2022

    CFPB Bulletin on unlawful medical debt collection and reporting

    Yesterday, the CFPB announced it has issued Bulletin 2022-01, "Medical Debt Collection and Consumer Reporting Requirements in Connection with the No Surprises Act," to remind debt collectors and credit bureaus of their legal obligations in light of the No Surprises Act, which protects consumers from certain unexpected medical bills.

    Companies that try to collect on medical bills that are prohibited by the No Surprises Act, or who furnish information to credit bureaus about such invalid debts, may face significant legal liability under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA) and the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). The bulletin advises credit bureaus that the accuracy and dispute obligations imposed by the FCRA apply with respect to debts stemming from charges that exceed the amount permitted by the No Surprises Act.

    01/14/2022

    D&B to change operations and issue refunds

    The Federal Trade Commission announced on Thursday that Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) has agreed to an FTC proposed order requiring substantial changes in the firm’s operations that will benefit small- and mid-sized businesses.

    D&B is a leading provider of business credit reports, which can impact firms’ ability to build relationships with vendors and other counterparties. But many businesses have complained of errors in these reports that have cost them time, expense, and opportunities. As detailed in the FTC’s administrative complaint, D&B failed to give these businesses a clear, consistent, and reliable process to get these errors fixed. Moreover, D&B profited from businesses’ pain by selling them a line of products that purported to help them improve their reports. In fact, for many businesses, these benefits proved illusory, while the costs were all too real.

    Under the order, D&B will also provide refunds to certain businesses that purchased the company’s products in the belief that using the products would improve their business credit scores and ratings.

    01/14/2022

    REO listing period expanded

    The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has announced it is increasing its exclusive listing period on certain HUD single-family real-estate owned (REO) homes to allow more time for owner occupants, HUD-approved nonprofit organizations, and governmental entities to submit bids for the purchase of these homes before they become eligible for purchase by investors. This expansion is the latest action consistent with the Biden-Harris Administration’s housing supply announcement on September 1, 2021, that it would seek to make more HUD-owned properties available to owner-occupants and non-profit organizations.

    01/14/2022

    IRS issues FAQs on 2021 Recovery Rebate Credit

    The Internal Revenue Service yesterday announced it has issued frequently asked questions (FAQs) regarding the 2021 Recovery Rebate Credit.

    Individuals who did not qualify for, or did not receive, the full amount of the third Economic Impact Payment may be eligible to claim the 2021 Recovery Rebate Credit based on their 2021 tax year information. Individuals may have received their third Economic Impact Payment through initial and "plus-up" payments in 2021. To claim any remaining credit for 2021, eligible people must file a 2021 tax return, even if they usually do not file taxes.

    Also, people who did not receive all of their first and second Economic Impact Payments in 2020 can receive those amounts only by filing a 2020 tax return (or amending a previously filed return) and claiming the 2020 Recovery Rebate Credit. They should review the IRS Recovery Rebate Credit webpage to determine their eligibility.

    01/13/2022

    HUD awards $140.7M to protect families from housing hazards

    HUD yesterday announced it has awarded nearly $104.7 million to 60 non-profit organizations, and state and local government agencies located in 29 states to protect children and families from home health hazards. The grants are awarded through its Healthy Homes Production Grant Program which will help grantees identify health and safety hazards in low-income families’ homes. The grants will protect children and families with incomes at or below eighty percent of the area median income level by targeting significant lead and health hazards in over 7,400 low-income homes for which other resources are not available.

    01/13/2022

    Reserve Banks issue 2 Outstanding CRA ratings

    Our monthly review of the Federal Reserve System's archive of Community Reinvestment Act evaluations has found that the Reserve Banks made 16 evaluations public in December. Fourteen of those evaluations were rated Satisfactory. We congratulate the two banks whose evaluations received Outstanding ratings:

    01/13/2022

    Fed releases January 12 Beige Book

    The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has released the Federal Reserve's January 12, 2022, edition of the Beige Book, with observations collected on or before January 3 on the economy in each of the Federal Reserve Districts.

    01/13/2022

    OFAC targets supporters of DPRK weapons programs

    The Treasury Department on Wednesday announced that OFAC had designated five Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) individuals—Choe Myong Hyon, Sim Kwang Sok, Kim Song Hun, Kang Chol Hak, and Pyon Kwang Chol—responsible for procuring goods for the DPRK’s weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and ballistic missile-related programs. These actions are in line with U.S. efforts to prevent the advancement of the DPRK’s WMD and ballistic missile programs and impede attempts by Pyongyang to proliferate related technologies.

    In a related action, the Department of State designated DPRK national O Yong Ho, Russian national Roman Anatolyevich Alar, and Russian entity Parsek LLC pursuant to E.O. 13382 for having engaged in activities or transactions that have materially contributed to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or their means of delivery by DPRK.

    See the January 12, 2022, BankersOnline OFAC Update for identification information for the designated individuals and entity.

    01/13/2022

    FDIC regulatory relief for Washington institutions

    The FDIC's Financial Institution Letter FIL-5-2022, issued yesterday, describes steps intended to provide regulatory relief to financial institutions and facilitate recovery in areas of the State of Washington affected by flooding and mudslides November 13–15, 2021. FEMA declared a federal disaster for the area on January 5, 2022 (the FIL states "January 5, 2021, in error). Currently, the area covered by the declaration comprises Clallam, Skagit, and Whatcom counties, and the Lummi, Nooksack, and Quileute Indian Reservations.

    01/12/2022

    Unauthorized banking alert

    The OCC has issued an Unauthorized Banking Report identifying two entities—Fedro Asset Bank N.A. and Ledge Community Credit Union, N.A.—claiming to operate banking facilities in the state of Florida. The January 11, 2021, BankersOnline Alerts & Counterfeits entry has additional information on the names under which these entities have been operating and their purported locations.

    01/12/2022

    OFAC settles with Hong Kong company for $5M+

    On Tuesday, OFAC announced a settlement with Sojitz (Hong Kong) Limited ("Sojitz HK"), a Hong Kong, China-based company that engages in offshore trading and cross-border trade financing. Sojitz HK agreed to remit $5,228,298 to settle its potential civil liability for apparent violations of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations (ITSR).

    In its Enforcement Release, OFAC said that this case "demonstrates the importance of effective risk-based internal controls to identify, interdict, escalate, and prevent activity prohibited by the sanctions programs administered by OFAC. Even where elements of a reasonable compliance program are in place, employees may act on their own initiative to pursue profit over compliance and find ways to circumvent their organization’s policies and procedures. In such cases, their actions can result in violations attributable to their organizations. This case also highlights the risks and potential costs that non-U.S. companies are exposed to when the U.S. financial system is used for transactions that may involve sanctioned persons or jurisdictions."

    Details of the Sojitz HK conduct that led to the settlement can be found in the January 11, 2022, BankersOnline Penalty page.

    01/12/2022

    FDIC & FinCEN announce digital identity proofing tech sprint

    On Tuesday, the FDIC and FinCEN jointly announced a Tech Sprint to develop solutions for financial institutions and regulators to help measure the effectiveness of digital identity proofing—the process used to collect, validate, and verify information about a person. The agencies said that through the Tech Sprint, they seek to increase efficiency and account security; reduce fraud and other forms of identity-related crime, money laundering, and terrorist financing; and foster customer confidence in the digital banking environment.

    The challenge to Tech Sprint participants is to answer the question, "What is a scalable, cost-efficient, risk-based solution to measure the effectiveness of digital identity proofing to ensure that individuals who remotely (i.e., not in person) present themselves for financial activities are who they claim to be?"

    Additional information on the Tech Sprint is available in Measuring the Effectiveness of Digital Identity Proofing for Digital Financial Services.

    01/12/2022

    IRS updates 2021 Child Tax Credit FAQs

    The IRS has issued an Update of its FAQs on the 2021 Child Tax Credit and Advance Child Tax Credit to help eligible families properly claim the credit when they prepare and file their 2021 tax return. The extensive update includes multiple streamlined questions for use by taxpayers and tax professionals. The 21-page document covers 12 topics:

    • Topic A: General Information
    • Topic B: Eligibility for Advance Child Tax Credit Payments and the 2021 Child Tax Credit
    • Topic C: Calculation of the 2021 Child Tax Credit
    • Topic D: Calculation of Advance Child Tax Credit Payments
    • Topic E: Advance Payment Process of the Child Tax Credit
    • Topic F: Updating Your Child Tax Credit Information During 2021
    • Topic G: Receiving Advance Child Tax Credit Payments
    • Topic H: Reconciling Your Advance Child Tax Credit Payments on Your 2021 Tax Return
    • Topic I: U.S. Territory Residents and Advance Child Tax Credit Payments
    • Topic J: Unenrolling from Advance Payments
    • Topic K: Verifying Your Identity to View your Payments
    • Topic L: Commonly Asked Shared-Custody Questions

    01/12/2022

    NCUA extends self-assessment deadline

    The NCUA yesterday announced that, to allow federally insured credit unions more time to complete and submit the voluntary Credit Union Diversity Self-Assessment, the agency has extended the deadline from January 15 to January 31, 2022. The Self-Assessment is a tool designed to help credit unions evaluate and advance their diversity policies and practices. Credit unions can voluntarily use the online tool to create a baseline for action, such as making the commitment to develop new products and services aimed at addressing the needs of communities of color, increasing investment in underserved areas, or improving community marketing and outreach.

    01/11/2022

    SEC awards whistleblowers over $4 million

    The SEC has announced two awards totaling more than $4 million to whistleblowers who provided information and assistance in two separate covered actions.

    In the first order, the SEC issued an award of approximately $2.6 million to one whistleblower. The whistleblower, who reported internally before reporting to the Commission, provided significant new information during an existing investigation that alerted SEC staff to misconduct occurring overseas, which would have been difficult to detect in the absence of the whistleblower’s information.

    In the second order, the SEC issued approximately $1.5 million to joint whistleblowers who provided substantial ongoing assistance throughout the course of the investigation that led to the success of the covered action. The joint whistleblowers had multiple communications with SEC staff and provided information about key witnesses.

    01/11/2022

    OFAC designates Nicaraguan officials

    The Treasury Department yesterday announced OFAC has designated six officials of the Government of Nicaragua pursuant to Executive Order 13851. The targeted individuals are identified in the January 10, 2021, BankersOnline OFAC Update.

    As a result of this action, all property and interests in property of these persons that are in the United States or in the possession or control of U.S. persons are blocked and must be reported to OFAC. In addition, any entities that are owned, directly or indirectly, 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more of such persons are also blocked. OFAC’s regulations generally prohibit all dealings by U.S. persons or within (or transiting) the United States that involve any property or interests in property of blocked or designated persons.

    01/11/2022

    Bureau sues United Holding Group for debt collection practices

    Yesterday, the CFPB announced it has sued United Debt Holding (UDH), JTM Capital Management, United Holding Group (UHG), and their owners, Craig Manseth, Jacob Adamo, and Darren Turco, for illegal debt-collection practices. The Bureau alleges that the defendants placed consumer debt with, or sold consumer debt to, collection companies that used unlawful and deceptive collection tactics, and that the defendants knew, or should have known, the collection companies made false threats and false statements to consumers.

    The Bureau reports that UHG, headquartered in Williamsville, New York, was founded by Manseth, Adamo, and Turco in May 2017. Before co-founding UHG, Manseth owned UDH, Turco worked at UDH as a manager, and Adamo owned JTM. All three companies are debt collectors that buy debt portfolios from creditors, or other debt sellers, and then place the portfolios with or sell them to other collection companies. From September 2017 through April of 2020, claims the CFPB, the defendants collectively placed debts with a face value of more than $8 billion. The three individuals formed UHG, and UHG then managed ongoing business for UDH and JTM. According to the CFPB's complaint, the Bureau alleges all three companies allowed third-party collection companies to deceive consumers and placed or sold debt portfolios to collection companies engaged in unlawful behavior.

    • The defendants received hundreds of complaints that their collection companies were threatening arrest, jail, or lawsuits if consumers did not pay their debts imminently.
    • The defendants also received recorded phone calls in which some of their third-party collection companies falsely threatened suits or made false statements about credit reporting.
    • From 2015 through January 2017, UDH’s compliance staff reviewed recorded phone calls from JTM’s collection companies and found that many contained major violations of federal law.
    • Instead of terminating its relationship with JTM, UDH increased the amount of business it sent to JTM.
    • By 2017, UDH was using JTM almost exclusively for debt placements despite objections by UDH’s compliance manager.

    The CFPB is seeking monetary relief for consumers, disgorgement of unjust gains, injunctive relief, and a civil money penalty.

    The complaint is not a final finding or ruling that the defendants have violated the law.

    01/11/2022

    Fed finalizes rule streamlining subscription reporting of member banks

    The Federal Reserve Board has announced it has finalized a technical rule that will streamline reporting requirements for member banks related to their subscriptions to Federal Reserve Bank capital stock. The final rule is substantially similar to the proposal published on April 13, 2021.

    The final rule amends Regulation I to reduce the quarterly reporting burden for member banks by automating the application process for adjusting their subscriptions to Federal Reserve Bank capital stock, except in the context of mergers.

    The rule will be effective 30 days after publication in the Federal Register.

    Update on publication and effective date:Published [87 FR 2027] on January 13, 2022, with effective date of February 14, 2022. The amendments have been posted to the BankersOnline Regulations pages.

    01/11/2022

    Clarida leaving Fed Board at end of week

    Richard H. Clarida has announced his intention to resign from the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System on January 14, 2022. He has been a member of the Board and Vice Chair since September 17, 2018. His term as Governor is due to expire at the end of the month.

    01/11/2022

    Tax filing season begins January 24

    The IRS has announced that tax season will start on Monday, January 24, 2022, when the agency will begin accepting and processing 2021 tax year returns.

    The IRS anticipates that most taxpayers will receive their refund within 21 days of when they file electronically, barring any issues with processing their tax return. The IRS urges electronic filing to avoid delays in processing and to utilize information letters provided by the agency when filing their returns to avoid errors that can lead to delays.

    01/11/2022

    Minutes of Fed discount rate meetings on December 6 and 15, 2021

    The Federal Reserve Board on Tuesday released the minutes of its interest rate meetings on December 6 and December 15, 2021.

    01/10/2022

    Consumer credit increases

    The Federal Reserve has released its G.19 Consumer Credit data for November 2021, which indicates that consumer credit increased at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 11.0 percent during the month. Revolving credit increased at an annual rate of 23.4 percent, while nonrevolving credit increased at an annual rate of 7.2 percent.

    Preliminary data for November indicate total outstanding consumer credit balances of $4,415 trillion, with $1,037 trillion in revolving credit and $3,377 trillion in nonrevolving credit.

    01/10/2022

    Treasury reports record ERA funding

    The Treasury Department has reported a new record for Emergency Rental Assistance set in November as state and local governments provided assistance to approximately 665,000 renters and landlords with funding through the Department of the Treasury’s Emergency Rental Assistance (ERA) programs, bringing the total number of payments for the ERA programs to more than 3.1 million. The $2.9 billion in ERA expenditures from both ERA 1 and ERA 2 funds in November 2021 represents the largest amount of assistance paid to eligible households and the largest number of payments made in any month since the programs were created.

    01/10/2022

    Materials for December 31 Call Report

    FDIC FIL-3-2021, released Friday, conveys materials pertaining to the Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income (Call Report) for the December 31, 2021, report date and provide guidance on certain reporting issues. This Financial Institution Letter and the attached Supplemental Instructions should be shared with the individuals responsible for preparing the Call Report at your institution.

    01/10/2022

    Lead generator to pay $1.5M FTC penalty

    The Federal Trade Commission has reported that a lead generation company that collected sensitive information from millions of consumers under the guise of connecting them with lenders will pay $1.5 million in civil penalties and face restrictions on their operations as a result of a Federal Trade Commission lawsuit.

    The Commission's complaint alleges that since at least 2012, ITMedia Solutions LLC, a number of affiliate companies, and their owners and officers have operated hundreds of websites that were designed to entice consumers into sharing their most sensitive financial information—including their Social Security numbers and bank account information. The defendants sold that information to marketing companies and others without regard for how the information would be used, according to the complaint.

    The suit alleges that the defendants -- who have used cashadvance.com, personalloans.com, badcreditloans.com and websites with similar names -- promised consumers that their information would be shared with “... our network of trusted lenders...” or would “... only be shared with qualified lenders.” Some sites promised that loans were available for people with bad credit histories without credit score requirements.

    The FTC alleges that 84 percent of the loan applications collected through these websites since January 2016 were not sold to lenders, but instead disseminated to an array of marketers, debt relief and credit repair sellers, and companies that would resell consumers’ information without regard for how the information would be used. According to the complaint, in many instances, ITMedia was not even aware of the purpose for which a company was buying consumers’ data, or at times even the physical location of the company. In addition to misleading consumers and selling their data without permission, the complaint alleges that ITMedia violated the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) by unlawfully obtaining and reselling the credit scores of consumers who submitted information. The FCRA limits the purposes for which businesses can obtain credit scores and using scores to market leads is not a permissible purpose.

    The defendants agreed to settle the FTC charges against them and, in addition to the civil penalty, the proposed settlement order will prohibit the defendants from making misleading statements to consumers, including about how their personal information will be used. The order will also prohibit the defendants from selling consumers’ personal information outside of a limited set of circumstances, and the order requires them to screen the recipients of that information.

    01/10/2022

    Fed FAQs on approach to covered savings associations

    The Federal Reserve Board has posted a series of frequently asked questions and answers regarding its approach with regard to OCC-regulated federal savings associations and federal mutual savings banks that choose to exercise the option to become a “covered savings association,” as allowed by § 206 of the 2018 Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act. The law provides additional flexibility for institutions chartered under the Home Owners Loan Act. The FAQs address implications for covered savings associations of the Bank Holding Company Act, Federal Reserve Act, and related regulations and reporting requirements.

    01/07/2022

    SEC awards whistleblower $13M+

    The Securities and Exchange Commission yesterday announced it has approved an award of more than $13 million to a whistleblower whose information and assistance prompted the opening of an investigation and significantly contributed to the success of an SEC enforcement action. The whistleblower promptly alerted SEC staff to an ongoing fraud and provided extensive assistance to SEC staff by meeting in person and helping the staff understand the mechanics of the fraudulent scheme. The whistleblower’s information also helped the Commission obtain emergency relief to minimize investor losses.

    The SEC has awarded approximately $1.2 billion to 238 individuals since issuing its first award in 2012. All payments are made out of an investor protection fund established by Congress that is financed entirely through monetary sanctions paid to the SEC by securities law violators. No money has been taken or withheld from harmed investors to pay whistleblower awards.

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