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Comments due on CFPB request for information on fees imposed in residential mortgage transactions


The CFPB on May 30, 2024, announced it is launching a public inquiry into fees that are increasing mortgage closing costs. The CFPB wants to understand why closing costs are increasing, who is benefiting, and how costs for borrowers and lenders could be lowered. According to a CFPB analysis, the closing costs borrowers pay in connection with a mortgage have risen steeply in recent years. From 2021 to 2023, median total loan costs for home mortgages increased by over 36%. The unavoidable fees borrowers must pay at closing can strain household budgets and families’ ability to afford a down payment. The fees may also limit the ability of lenders to offer competitive mortgages because they have to absorb the higher costs or pass them on to borrowers.

The CFPB noted that, in 2022, median closing costs were $6,000, including substantial increases in the cost of credit reports.

The CFPB’s request for information seeks input from the public, including borrowers and lenders, about how mortgage closing costs may be inflated and constraining the mortgage lending market. Specifically, the CFPB asks for information about:

  • Which fees are subject to competition: The CFPB is interested in the extent to which consumers or lenders currently apply competitive pressure on third-party closing costs. The CFPB also wants to learn about market barriers that limit competition.
  • How fees are set and who profits from them: The CFPB wants to learn about who benefits from required services and whether lenders have oversight or leverage over third-party costs that are passed onto consumers.
  • How fees are changing and how they affect consumers: The CFPB wants information about which costs have increased most in recent years and the reasons for such increases, including the rise in cost for credit reports and credit scores. The CFPB is also interested in data on the impact of closing costs on housing affordability, access to homeownership, or home equity.

Publication and comment period update: Scheduled for publication on 6/6/2024 as document 2024-12443, with comments due by 8/2/2024.

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